白小姐四i肖选一码

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          工業的動力效力Energy Efficiency for Industry [David Malka大衛·馬爾卡]
          宣布者:治理員


          Abstract: Given the fact that most of plants in various industries currently do not manage their energy poorly, and the fact that in the 13th Five-Year Plan, Chinese government stressed on energy structure optimization, this paper introduces a comprehensive solution to industrial plants that is aimed to improve the energy efficiency in the plants, and create savings in terms of energy for the plants.

          摘要:基于現階段大部門工場關於動力的治理較爲集約,而且中國政府在“十三五”籌劃中強調優化動力構造,本文引見了一套針對工業工場制訂的處理計劃,該計劃旨在晉升工場的動力效力,爲工場發明動力收益。

          Key words: Energy; efficiency; management; solution

          癥結詞:動力;效力;治理;處理計劃


          1. Current Status of Energy Management for Industry

          1. 工業動力效力的近況

          1.1 Problems

          1.1 成績

          Currently, most industrial plants manage their energy incorrectly. Plant owners are focusing on production, product quality, safety and environment. I definitely agree that these fields are very important, but that is not enough. In mid-sized plants, annual energy consumption may total $30-50 million and even more, which is a great deal of money. Therefore, it would be appropriate to emphasize the energy issue accordingly. Moreover, energy efficiency may improve production output, environment, product quality and safety.

          今朝,大多半工場的動力治理方法都不完美。工場壹切者著重存眷臨盆、産品德量、平安和環保。我異常贊成上述方面是重中之重,但這是不敷的。一些中型工場的年度能耗可以達到3000到5000萬美元,乃至更多。這是一個異常大的數字。是以,能耗也應當取得響應的存眷。再者,動力效力的改良乃至有能夠帶來産量、情況、産品德量和平安方面的改良。

          To verify the fact that the attention put to energy is currently inadequate is most plants, I would like to suggest an experiment. Ask the plant manager whether he knows or has a summarizing document indicating the amount of money paid for energy consumption in the past year and what was the consumption of all types of energy used in the past year. I can assure you that 90% of the respondents will not be able to provide such a document, which shows that energy management at the plant is deficient and requires immediate improvement. On the opposite, if you ask about the amount of production last year, you will get a quick and precise answer with all the relevant details.

          爲了驗證今朝大部門工場關於動力存眷缺乏這一現實,我有一個提議:向工場司理發問:他能否曉得客歲一年他的工場在能耗方面花了若幹錢?各項動力的消費量是若幹?他能否在整頓過相幹的文件來總結上述能耗情形?我以為90%的司理沒有方法拿出一份如許的文件來,那末這就解釋他們工場的能耗治理是缺乏的,須要即刻整改。反之,假如你問他們客歲的産量是若幹, 你會獲得一個疾速且準確的答復,涵蓋壹切相幹的細節。


          1.2 Suggested Solution

          1.2 建議的處理計劃

          We are aiming to improve the energy management on the site. How can we achieve this goal? To manage the energy on the site properly, we have to understand the energy consumption and how much we pay. To do this, we need a quality system to measure the total consumption or supply of energy, in order to understand the overall situation on the site. Afterwards, we would be able to examine every detail and choose the area we need to focus on.  First, we should focus on the main consumers with high energy cost and then the process begins.

          我們的目的是改良工場的動力治理。若何來完成這個目的呢?要想公道地治理工場的動力,我們必需懂得能耗及其本錢,其條件就是有一個高質量的體系來計量動力的供銷,進而摸清工場的整體能耗近況。只要如許,我們能力核對每個細節,能力選擇我們須要專注的區域。我們應當起首存眷那些本錢高的重要動力消費裝配,然後開端優化流程。


          We need to examine the efficiency of large consumers by using smart tools that can help us see an even bigger picture and derive smart ideas to increase efficiency and save energy. It should be noted that the senior management must believe in the process and be committed to it, and lead it while allocating resources and evaluating performance throughout the process.

          我們須要經由過程應用一些先輩的,可以贊助我們停止更深刻懂得的對象來磨練工場中大型耗能裝配的動力效力,而且想出一些明智的設法主意來增效節能。須要提出的是,工場的高管須要對這個優化的進程有信念,有決計,在領導這個動力效力優化的全部過程當中,分派資本,評價績效。


          One of our main problems is awareness to efficient work. There are many ways to raise awareness among employees, such as energy training, establishment of a performance evaluation system, which can be a software continuously displayed in the control rooms, establishment of incentives for success, as well as addition of an energy supervisor for the entire site.

          效力晉升任務將會碰到許多的困難,強化效力認識就是個中之一。晉升員工動力認識的辦法有許多種,例如,停止動力培訓,樹立績效考察體系(可以以軟件的情勢歷久顯示在掌握室屏幕上),樹立鼓勵機制,在全廠設立能耗監視崗亭等。


          In addition, it is possible and even recommended to involve the employees in the process of evaluating performance on the site in terms of energy and efficiency, while using sophisticated tools, thus achieving the involvement and curiosity of the staff on the front line, who are also the majority – do not forget this.

          另外,在評價工場的能耗狀態,應用先輩對象的這一過程當中,若有能夠,我推舉把工場外部的員工也歸入這個團隊中,如許的話,可以加強一線員工的介入性親睦奇心。這些一線員工可是工場的重要群體——不要忘了這一點。


          2. Technology Application in the Solution

          2. 處理計劃中技術的應用

          The energy efficiency technology that we bring is based on an organized methodology, which includes the use of smart tools and involves the managers and employees of the plant, meaning that it is based on joint work.

          我們所帶來的動力效力晉升技術基于一套層次清楚的辦法論,個中包括了先輩對象的應用,也會吸納工場內的司理和員工介入出去,也就是說,這類動力效力的晉升須要人人的共同努力。


          At first, a general data collection is needed, which means the amounts of various categories of energy that the plant purchase, such as coal, electricity, steam, water, fuels, etc. need to be metered and collected. Based on that, we then need to build a list that include how much of which kind of energy had been distributed to which consumer. After that, additional tools will be adopted to measure the energy efficiency. Next, analyses will be conducted based on the results from the tools and ideas will be generated according to the analyses. After that, we need to filter all of the ideas and finally stay with a limited number of ideas. A idea ticket will be created for each idea that passed the filtration, including information such as saving calculation, investment required, payback period, etc. Afterwards, we decide together with the plant management on when and how to implement each idea. Finally, we can build a savings plan and streamline energy efficiency for over five years. In the course of the project, we are required to build performance tests for each process, while others are built on software, while others are on control room boards, allowing all employees to be exposed to performance and even take part in their examination.

          起首,須要停止普遍的數據搜集。也就是說,須要對工場所消費的各類動力,諸如煤,電,蒸汽,水,燃料等,停止計量和數據收集。接上去,在數據的基本上,我們就能夠開端應用對象來權衡工場的動力效力了。以後,基于對象的應用成果,我們須要停止剖析,而且生成很多改良設法主意。停止設法主意挑選以後,我們須要定出一些最初的設法主意。爾後,我們就須要爲每壹個經由過程挑選的設法主意做一張表格,這張表格包括了諸如該設法主意的收益盤算,投資需求,投資報答周期等信息。最初,我們會制訂出一份收益籌劃,而且在將來五年內依據籌劃,實行響應的設法主意,從而精簡工場的動力效力。在該項目標全部過程當中,我們須要爲每個流程樹立績效考察機制,一些可以經由過程軟件來編寫,一些也能夠在掌握室的展現板上表現出來,如許一來,工場員工就能夠親自接觸動力績效,乃至介入到動力績效考察當中。


          This program is suitable for any industrial plant needing energy efficiency improvement. The benefits of the program are: raising awareness and changing energy behavior both among employees and managers. In addition, the energy status of the plant can be organized, and all the issues with energy will be also discussed. There will be a lot of ideas of improvement, some of which even without any investment. From this point on, the plant does not return to its previous state, but progresses and becomes more efficient both in awareness and behavior and in their processes.

          這個項目合適任何一個須要在動力效力方面做出改良的工場。詳細的裨益的地方有:在司理和員工規模內晉升動力認識,轉變動力行動;工場內的能耗狀態也會獲得充足的梳理,壹切跟動力相幹的事項都邑被拿出來評論辯論;生成很多改良的設法主意,有些設法主意乃至不須要投資。從此,工場不會在前往到之前的動力狀態,只會進一步晉升動力效力,而在乎識行動,在各項流程上都邑變得更有用率。


          Furthermore, we recommend to establishment of an energy department that could initially include just one person who is solely responsible for collecting all the information. In addition, he constantly conducts performance tests according to the goals set by the plant and always thinks ahead and examines improvements and introduction of new technologies.

          另外,我們還推舉樹立一個動力部分,這個部分在早期乃至可以只要一小我,它須要擔任動力信息的收集,須要依據工場所設立的目的連續停止動力績效考察,還須要連續地久遠斟酌,磨練之前的改良辦法能否有用,而且引入新的技術。


          3. Examples and Analysis

          3. 例子和剖析

          3.1 Cost and Load Analysis

          3.1 本錢與負荷剖析

          As an example, we shall use an application tool called Cost and Load Analysis to examine the compressed air system at the plant.

          舉個例子,我們可以經由過程應用一個叫做“本錢與負荷剖析”的對象來檢測緊縮空氣體系的能耗狀態。





          Prepare a table of compressors at the plant. The table should include the amount of compressors, name of each compressor, flow rate of each compressor and possible pressure of each compressor, and after measurements – the cost per compressed air unit of each compressor. In addition, prepare a list of consumers and build a long-term consumption distribution. A simple analysis will allow us to see that some compressors should be activated before the others, and we will probably find that we do not need to activate all the compressors, which will enable saving energy. This is one of many examples of using the tools.

          預備一份工場中空壓機的列表,包括空壓機的數目,每台空壓機的名字、流量、壓力規模,和經由過程計量和盤算所得出的——每台空壓機的單元本錢。另外,再預備一份緊縮空氣用戶的列表,樹立一個歷久的消費分派機制。經由過程簡略的剖析,我們可以發明關於一些空壓機的應用我們是須要分前後次序的,我們還能夠發明我們紛歧定須要啓動壹切的空壓機,如許的話,我們就有能夠節儉能耗。這就是浩瀚對象中的一個例子。


          3.2 Losses Reflected by Unit Consumption

          3.2 單元能耗所反應出來的喪失

          Another example of examining the process energy efficiency by looking into unit consumption:

          再舉一個例子。這個例子可以經由過程對單元能耗的深刻研討來磨練動力效力:


          Take the most energy-intensive equipment and start to examine the energy consumption according to the manufacturer per ton of product, i.e. the technology we chose. What is the actual energy consumption per ton of product? In most cases, the actual consumption will be higher that the consumption provided by the manufacturer, and this is where the engineering work begins by examining the source of gaps, and for each gap, we should find a solution, thereby contributing to increased efficiency and energy savings.

          找到動力消費最密集的設備,並開端基于制作商所供給的單元能耗,也就是這個技術的單元能耗來磨練該設備的能耗情形。那末該設備的現實單元能耗又是若幹呢?在大部門情形下,現實單元能耗都邑比制作商所供給的單元能耗要高。那末我們的工程師就須要著手來磨練形成差距的緣由,針對每壹個緣由提出處理計劃,從而到達晉升動力效力,節儉動力的目標。



          Many other important tools can be used to achieve maximum efficiency.

          在其他方面還有許多主要的對象可以用來爭奪最好效力。


          4. Summary and Future Enlightenment

          4. 總結與將來啟發

          4.1 Summary

          4.1 總結

          The government provides grants and launches information projects aimed to present the Chinese industry with the possible value of streamlining industrial energy processes. The main reason the government focuses on energy efficiency in Chinese industry is that most of the energy is wasted due to poor management of energy and electricity consumption at plants and industrial workplaces.

          中國政府正在經由過程供給撥款,展開各類項目等辦法來改良工業動力近況。政府之所以這麽做,是由於大部門動力都正在由於集約的治理而在工場和其他工業場合流掉糟蹋。

          The program, which aims to streamline and economize energy cost on industrial plants in an intensive manner, is a system-wide program that lists a long list of steps arranged within a methodology that touches the entire energy chain on the site. The plan defines expected savings, expected investments and priorities. In addition, the plan presents the things that must be done and the means of implementation, while defining milestones until completion, and even performs performance tests according to the defined goals.

          該項目旨在以密集的方法精簡和節儉工場的動力本錢,是一個體系性的項目,在一套辦法論的指點下支配一系列步調,這些步調觸及到工場的全部動力鏈。該籌劃肯定了預期的收益,預期投資和其他優先事項。 另外,該籌劃還會提出必需做的工作和實行手腕,同時還會肯定全部進程的每個裏程碑直到項目完成,乃至還能依據既定目的履行動力績效考察。

          Energy efficiency saves money - it's a fact. Most of the businesses that have already entered the process did not necessarily have to do so for reasons of environmental thinking, but out of recognition of the return that investment generates in streamlining. And if it is out of the environmental reasons and can make profits, it will be an even better thing to do, too. According to previous experience, a program as such can reduce around 10% of the annual energy cost for a plant.

          動力效力晉升可以省錢——這是一個現實。曾經實行這個項目標大多半企業其實不必定是出于情況身分的斟酌,而是出于對投資報答的承認。而假如是出于情況身分的斟酌,也能夠賺取利潤,那末這更是如虎添翼了。基于過往經歷,如許的一個項目可認為一個工場下降其年度能耗的10%。


          4.2 Future Enlightenment

          4.2 將來啟發

          For proper energy management, the following are required:

          要做到公道地治理動力,須要做到以下事項:


          Commitment of the management, defining the energy policy, setting goals and objectives, conducting work procedures, reporting and training employees, testing energy efficiency of various processes and taking corrective actions, constantly updating and improving, defining the required energy indicators.

          治理層擔起責任,關於動力政策的解讀,目的和義務的設定,任務流程的推動,員工的申報和培訓,各項工藝的動力效力測試,改正辦法的采取,連續的更新和改良,明白動力目標等等。


          Defining the energy indicators required at the plant, while taking into consideration the following aspects:

          而所謂明白動力目標,則須要斟酌以下幾個方面的成績:


          ·       Reduction of environmental impacts.

          ·       減小對情況的影響。

          ·       Identification and detection of energy efficiency potential.

          ·       辨認並找到動力效力晉升的潛力。

          ·       Benchmarking – comparisons with similar enterprises vs. sector data.

          ·       設立標杆——和類似企業或許部分數據停止比擬。

          ·       Establishment of indicators to examine energy efficiency.

          ·       樹立目標來磨練動力效力。


          Energy Efficiency Design

          動力效力設計

          ·       At the planning stage, prior to implementing any new project or installation, energy considerations should be taken into account.

          ·       在籌劃設計階段,實行任何新的項目或許停止任何新的裝置之前,都須要斟酌動力方面的身分。

          ·       Optimal efficiency of energy between various systems.

          ·       在各個體系之間到達動力效力最優。

          Monitoring & Measurement

          監控和計量

          ·       Implementation of monitoring and measurement systems in order to verify savings and find new sources for efficiency.

          ·       設立監控和計量體系,核實收益,尋覓新的效力晉升點。

          ·       Installation of technologies that will lead to energy efficiency.

          ·       采取新的技術,進一步晉升動力效力。



          白小姐四i肖选一码
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